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A 2000-year perspective on indentation crack resistance and brittleness of glass

Hits: 1036
Year:
2015
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Archeological glasses
Authors:
Hasdemir, Ilhan; Striepe, Simon; Deubener, Joachim; Simon, Klaus
Journal:
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume:
408
Pages:
51 - 56
ISSN:
0022-3093
BibTex:
Abstract:
Abstract Data on micromechanical properties of ancient and medieval glass fragments and glasses of early modern and today's manufacturing were compiled to offer a tentative look on changes in the brittleness of glass over the past 2000 years. Chronology of glass making was based on glass chemistry using rare earth element (REE) pattern, fluxing agents and provenance analysis while cracking and brittleness were evaluated from Vickers indentation in the course of the mean crack initiation load \{CR\} and the crack length-to-half diagonal ratio c/a. A structural analysis revealed that \{CR\} increases and c/a decreases with increasing molar volume i.e. decreasing atomic packing fraction, which allows us to classify periods of high and low crack-resistant and brittle glasses along the time line of historic glass technology.

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